GaussNewtonAPSFitter¶

class
menpofit.aps.
GaussNewtonAPSFitter
(aps, gn_algorithm_cls=<class 'menpofit.aps.algorithm.gn.Inverse'>, n_shape=None, weight=200.0, sampling=None)[source]¶ Bases:
APSFitter
A class for fitting an APS model with GaussNewton optimization.
Note
When using a method with a parametric shape model, the first step is to reconstruct the initial shape using the shape model. The generated reconstructed shape is then used as initialisation for the iterative optimisation. This step takes place at each scale and it is not considered as an iteration, thus it is not counted for the provided max_iters.
 Parameters
aps (
GenerativeAPS
or subclass) – The trained model.gn_algorithm_cls (class, optional) – The GaussNewton optimisation algorithm that will get applied. The possible algorithms are
Inverse
andForward
. Note that theForward
algorithm is too slow. It is not recommended to be used for fitting an APS and is only included for comparison purposes.n_shape (int or float or list of those or
None
, optional) – The number of shape components that will be used. If int, then it defines the exact number of active components. If float, then it defines the percentage of variance to keep. If int or float, then the provided value will be applied for all scales. If list, then it defines a value per scale. IfNone
, then all the available components will be used. Note that this simply sets the active components without trimming the unused ones. Also, the available components may have already been trimmed to max_shape_components during training.weight (float or list of float, optional) – The weight between the appearance cost and the deformation cost. The provided value gets multiplied with the deformation cost. If float, then the provided value will be used for all scales. If list, then it should define a value per scale.
sampling (list of int or ndarray or
None
) – It defines a sampling mask per scale. If int, then it defines the subsampling step of the sampling mask. If ndarray, then it explicitly defines the sampling mask. IfNone
, then no subsampling is applied. Note that depending on the model and the size of the appearance precision matrix, the subsampling may be impossible to be applied due to insufficient memory. This is because the subsampling of the appearance precision matrix involves converting it to scipy.sparse.lil_matrix, subsampling it and reconvert it back to scipy.sparse.bsr_matrix, which is a memory intensive procedure.

fit_from_bb
(image, bounding_box, max_iters=20, gt_shape=None, return_costs=False, **kwargs)¶ Fits the multiscale fitter to an image given an initial bounding box.
 Parameters
image (menpo.image.Image or subclass) – The image to be fitted.
bounding_box (menpo.shape.PointDirectedGraph) – The initial bounding box from which the fitting procedure will start. Note that the bounding box is used in order to align the model’s reference shape.
max_iters (int or list of int, optional) – The maximum number of iterations. If int, then it specifies the maximum number of iterations over all scales. If list of int, then specifies the maximum number of iterations per scale.
gt_shape (menpo.shape.PointCloud, optional) – The ground truth shape associated to the image.
return_costs (bool, optional) – If
True
, then the cost function values will be computed during the fitting procedure. Then these cost values will be assigned to the returned fitting_result. Note that the costs computation increases the computational cost of the fitting. The additional computation cost depends on the fitting method. Only use this option for research purposes.kwargs (dict, optional) – Additional keyword arguments that can be passed to specific implementations.
 Returns
fitting_result (
MultiScaleNonParametricIterativeResult
or subclass) – The multiscale fitting result containing the result of the fitting procedure.

fit_from_shape
(image, initial_shape, max_iters=20, gt_shape=None, return_costs=False, **kwargs)¶ Fits the multiscale fitter to an image given an initial shape.
 Parameters
image (menpo.image.Image or subclass) – The image to be fitted.
initial_shape (menpo.shape.PointCloud) – The initial shape estimate from which the fitting procedure will start.
max_iters (int or list of int, optional) – The maximum number of iterations. If int, then it specifies the maximum number of iterations over all scales. If list of int, then specifies the maximum number of iterations per scale.
gt_shape (menpo.shape.PointCloud, optional) – The ground truth shape associated to the image.
return_costs (bool, optional) – If
True
, then the cost function values will be computed during the fitting procedure. Then these cost values will be assigned to the returned fitting_result. Note that the costs computation increases the computational cost of the fitting. The additional computation cost depends on the fitting method. Only use this option for research purposes.kwargs (dict, optional) – Additional keyword arguments that can be passed to specific implementations.
 Returns
fitting_result (
MultiScaleNonParametricIterativeResult
or subclass) – The multiscale fitting result containing the result of the fitting procedure.

warped_images
(image, shapes)¶ Given an input test image and a list of shapes, it warps the image into the shapes. This is useful for generating the warped images of a fitting procedure stored within an
APSResult
. Parameters
image (menpo.image.Image or subclass) – The input image to be warped.
shapes (list of menpo.shape.PointCloud) – The list of shapes in which the image will be warped. The shapes are obtained during the iterations of a fitting procedure.
 Returns
warped_images (list of menpo.image.MaskedImage or ndarray) – The warped images.

property
aps
¶ The trained APS model.
 Type
GenerativeAPS
or subclass

property
holistic_features
¶ The features that are extracted from the input image at each scale in ascending order, i.e. from lowest to highest scale.
 Type
list of closure

property
n_scales
¶ Returns the number of scales.
 Type
int

property
reference_shape
¶ The reference shape that is used to normalise the size of an input image so that the scale of its initial fitting shape matches the scale of this reference shape.
 Type
menpo.shape.PointCloud

property
scales
¶ The scale value of each scale in ascending order, i.e. from lowest to highest scale.
 Type
list of int or float